Slides on top-8 languages with most native speakers and foundational research questions in linguistics
I'm making slides for a introductory linguistics presentation for secondary school students, thought you guys might like these three.
This first one is a bit complicated. In the square to the left you see the ranking of languages and macrolanguages by native speakers, according to Ethnologue 2015. To the right you see what happens if we ignore macrolanguages entirely.
The numbers are in millions of speakers. They're from here. (Since English is so prevalent, the name of that language is in IPA to be more fun.)
"Macrolanguage" is a term to help different language code standards map to each other. For example in one of the standards "Chinese" is counted as 1 language whereas in another it's divided up into multiple smaller languages. (This is mainly about ISO 639-2 and ISO 639-3.) It sometimes reflects what people think of as a larger cultural sphere, but not always. Here's the list.
Infographics of this kind of data are really popular, why not explore the set yourself and make some on your own?
More posts on population statistics and language classification
- common questions concerning infographics based on Ethnologue and CIA World Factbook
- on criteria for dividing language varieties into languages used by linguists
- the troubles with counting non-native speakers
- the "other" languages of Glottolog and Ethnologue: sign languages, contact, isolates, dead, artificial etc
- If former great powers reclaim land where speakers of major languages are still found
- other posts tagged "language counting"
Other posts about deep research questions of linguistics
- the grand questions - what did influential linguists lis? What would you list?
- illustrations of grand questions of linguistics
- generative and non-generative ideas about what the grand questions are
- posts tagged "currentlinguisticresearch"